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GENERAL FEATURES

The Republic of Kenya is a Presidential Republic located in eastern Africa, bordered by Ethiopia and South Sudan to the north, Somalia to the northeast, Tanzania to the south, and Uganda to the west. The Country has a coastline on the Indian Ocean to the east. Kenya covers an area of approximately ​​569,259 km2 and Nairobi is the capital.

In 2016 the population was estimated at approximately 48,461.567 million.

The official languages ​​are English and Kiswahili, while the official currency is Kenyan Shilling.

POLITICS

Since 1963, the year of the declaration of independence from Great Britain, Kenya has had a political-administrative system very similar to that of the United Kingdom. Currently, the President of the Country is Uhuru Kenyatta.

The statutory order on which the presidential system is structured, guarantees a large space for local autonomy in response to the need to give adequate representation to the complex ethnic-tribal kenyan mosaic. The President is elected with the absolute majority at national level, plus 25% in at least the half of the 47 counties.

In order to guarantee the adequate representation of each county, it has been set up a Senate, that consists of 47 members directly elected by their counties, 16 women nominated by the political parties according to their relative strength in the Senate elections, 2 members representing the youth, and 2 members representing people with disabilities.

ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

Kenya is ranked 92nd in the Doing Business Index, and 96th in the Global Competitiveness Index 2016-2017.

Kenya is member of the World Trade Organization since its inception in January 1995; it is also a member of COMESA (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa).

The Country is the 93rd destination market for Italian exports, and the 7th destination market for Italian exports to Sub-Saharan Africa.

Thanks to its strategic position and the potential for economic and social development, Kenya is considered an important partner for Italy. In 2016 Italian exports amounted to approximately 211.1 million euros, up 3.9% over 2015, and for the coming years it is expected to grow steadily.

Italian exports consist mainly of me­chan­i­cal en­gi­neer­ing (37%), food and beverages (14%), chemicals (10%), electrical equipment (10%) and transportation (10%).

In 2016 Italian imports from Kenya amounted to 52.1 million euros, down 41.7% on the previous year.

The most significant investment opportunities are present in the following areas: construction, infrastructure, food processing, packaging, transportation, and energy.